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2021年1月普通高等学校招生全国统一考试适应性测试(八省联考)英语试题
全国 高三 零模 2021-01-24 1424次 整体难度: 一般 考查范围: 语篇范围

一、阅读选择添加题型下试题

阅读选择 | 一般(0.65) | 2021·全国高二期末
典型

1.    Non-Credit Courses

The Pre-College Program offers non-credit courses. Students will experience college-level courses given by some of our college’s leading experts and will receive written feedback (反馈) on their work at the end of the course. Pre-College students will also receive a grade of Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory and a certificate of completion at the conclusion of the program.

All non-credit courses meet from 9:00 a. m.-11:30 a. m. daily and may have additional requirements in the afternoons or evenings.

COURSE: Case Studies in Neuroscience

·June 11— July 2

·Leah Roesch

Using student-centered, active-learning methods and real-world examples, this course is designed to provide a fuller understanding of how the human brain works.

COURSE: Psychology of Creativity

·June 15—June 28

·Marshall Duke

Why are certain people so creative? Is it genetic (遗传的), or a result of childhood experience? Are they different from everyone else? This popular psychology course highlights the different theories of creativity.

COURSE: Creative Storytelling

·June 21 — July 3

·Edith Freni

This college-level course in creative storytelling functions as an introduction to a variety of storytelling techniques that appear in different forms of creative writing, such as short fiction and playwriting.

COURSE: Sports Economics

·July 19 — August 1

·Christina DePasquale

In this course we will analyze many interesting aspects of the sports industry: sports leagues, ticket pricing, salary negotiations, discrimination, and NCAA policies to name a few.

【小题1】Who is the text intended for?
A.The general public.B.College freshmen.
C.Educational experts.D.High school students.
【小题2】Which course can you take if you are free only in June?
A.Sports Economics.B.Creative Storytelling.
C.Psychology of Creativity.D.Case Studies in Neuroscience.
【小题3】Whose course should you choose if you are interested in creative writing?
A.Leah Roesch’s.B.Edith Freni’s.
C.Marshall Duke’s.D.Christina DePasquale’s.
阅读选择 | 一般(0.65) | 2021·天水市第一中学高三其他模拟

2.    In my everyday life, I am on an ongoing journey to figure out different ways to reduce my carbon footprint on the planet. A carbon footprint is the measure of influence our activities have on the environment, in particular climate change. It is calculated by the amount of greenhouse gas we produce in our daily lives. Fortunately, nowadays it is much easier to make eco-friendly lifestyle choices than, let's say, 20 years ago. But one question has been on my mind a lot lately: is it better to buy new eco-friendly products or used traditionally produced goods?

After doing some research, I have decided that some things are better new and others are better used. Let me try to explain.

A carbon footprint is made up of two parts, the primary footprint and the secondary footprint. The primary footprint is a measure of our direct emissions(排放)of carbon dioxide(CO2)from the burning of fuels, including household energy consumption and transportation. The secondary footprint is a measure of the indirect CO2 emissions from the whole lifecycle of products we use-those related to their production and breakdown.

Based on this understanding, we have a good deal of control and responsibility over our carbon footprint. Things like dishes, clothes and furniture fall into the “secondary footprint” group, so less is more and we can focus on finding used goods to avoid the added production. However, for the car and the other appliances(设备)that we need we can go with new, energy-saving models. I heard somewhere that electronics and appliances give off 90% of their carbon footprint after they leave the factory. So it seems most reasonable to go for the energy-saving models. The main concern here is the amount of energy that goes into the making of new products and whether or not that extra carbon is worth the footprint the product will make once it gets to you.

【小题1】What is the text mainly about?
A.What appliances to buy to save energy.
B.What a carbon footprint means in our life.
C.How to identify different carbon footprints.
D.How to make eco-friendly lifestyle choices.
【小题2】What do we know about the secondary carbon footprint?
A.It is related to our consumption of fuels.
B.It is made when we are buying the products.
C.It is less harmful than the primary carbon footprint.
D.It is counted as ours though not directly made by us.
【小题3】Which of the following helps reduce our carbon footprint according to the author?
A.Using second-hand textbooks.B.Using old and expensive cars.
C.Buying new but cheap clothes.D.Buying new wooden furniture.
【小题4】"The footprint" underlined in the last sentence refers to the CO2 produced in _________.
A.using the productB.recycling the product
C.making the productD.transporting the product
阅读选择 | 一般(0.65) | 2021·浙江高二月考

3.    Magic is a form of entertainment that is based on pretending to do things that are impossible. The magician is a specially trained actor. He tries to make the audience believe that he has the power to do things which are against the laws of nature.

Magic shows are entertaining as long as the audience does not discover how the tricks are done. The magician usually depends on his skill with his hands, on his knowledge of psychology, and, sometimes, on mechanical devices(机械装置). Since magic performance is meant to trick people, the use of psychology is important. The magician must keep people from noticing all the movements of his hands and from thinking about the secret parts of his equipment. He must also lead the audience to draw false conclusions. The magician's success depends on the fact that many things seen by the eye are not the things that matter.

Two basic magic tricks are making objects seem to appear and making objects seem to disappear. A combination of these two tricks makes for some interesting effects. For example, the magician puts a small ball under one of several cups. The ball then seems to jump from one cup to another or to change colour. What actually happens is that the magician, employing quick hand movements or a mechanical device, hides one ball. While doing this he talks to the audience and waves a brightly coloured cloth with one hand. The audience is too busy watching the cloth and listening to the magician's words to notice that his other hand is hiding the ball.

Another favourite trick is to cut or burn something, and then make it appear whole again. What actually happens is that the magician makes the cut or burned object disappear by quickly hiding it while the audience watches something else. Then he “magically” makes it appear whole again by displaying(展示)another object that has not been cut or burned.

【小题1】What is the author's main purpose in writing the text?
A.To promote a magic show.B.To teach people to be magicians.
C.To explain the art of magic.D.To praise the talents of magicians.
【小题2】Which of the following is important for a successful magic trick?
A.Moving stage equipment.B.Directing the audience's attention.
C.Applying high technology.D.Keeping the performance in secret.
【小题3】What does the author focus on in the last two paragraphs?
A.Providing examples.B.Making a summary.
C.Drawing comparisons.D.Explaining a concept.
【小题4】What can we infer from the text?
A.Mechanical devices are expensive.B.Most magicians employ assistants.
C.It takes practice to perform magic.D.Small objects are magicians' favourite.
阅读选择 | 一般(0.65) | 2021·全国高三零模

4.    The average bear, it seems, is getting ever smarter. First, it turned out that at least one can use a comb. Now it appears that some can count, too.

Jennifer Vonk, of Oakland University, in Michigan, and Michael Beran, from Georgia State University, set three American black bears the task of distinguishing between numerically larger and smaller groups of dots(点)on a computer screen. In return for a food reward one bear, Brutus, would touch the more heavily dotted pattern with his nose. The others, Bella and Dusty, would touch the screen with their claws(爪子).

As the researchers report in Animal Behavior, the bears did best with patterns where the coloured dots did not move and where more of them also took up a larger coloured area. This could be explained by the bears' distinguishing the different areas of colour rather than truly counting the dots. However, the three bears managed to pick out the bigger number of dots even in pairs of patterns where fewer dots took up a larger area.

Moving patterns, where each dot followed its own path around the screen, were more of a challenge. But Brutus, at least, was not defeated. He seemed to be counting mobile dots even when the scientists tried to mislead him by moving the total coloured area of the dots at the same time.

It is not entirely surprising that bears should have a high degree of intelligence. They face a lot of challenges when trying to get food. They are, however, always alone, and so do not have the complex social systems that contribute to animal smarts. Perhaps, then, their maths skill developed because they cannot count on their friends for help.

【小题1】What task did the scientists set for the three bears?
A.Distinguishing different dot patterns.
B.Figuring out different colours of dots.
C.Putting the dots into differently coloured groups.
D.Picking out the group with a larger number of dots.
【小题2】For the bears, the task was easier when__________.
A.the coloured dots were moving slowly
B.the dot patterns were regular in shape
C.the dots followed a path on the screen
D.more dots covered a larger coloured area
【小题3】What may explain the bears' high degree of intelligence?
A.They learn skills from other animals.
B.They face life challenges on their own.
C.They feed on a diverse range of food.
D.They have complex social networks.
【小题4】What can be a suitable title for the text?
A.Bears Taught to Distinguish Colours
B.New Evidence of Bear Intelligence Found
C.Three Bears Learned How to Count
D.The Smartest American Black Bear Brutus
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