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阅读理解 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·浙江·效实中学高一期中

1 . Suddenly screams echo through the forest as alarmed animals warn each other of a predator’s (食肉动物) approach. Lying on my stomach with my camera in front of me, I’ve been watching a nearby stream for hours, waiting. This may be it!

Yes! A 380-pound lioness steps from the trees, heading towards the stream. She crouches (蹲伏) down to drink. She’s only 50 yards away. She stands up and begins to walk towards me, not knowing I’m there. When she’s just about 20 yards away, I move my camera slightly. I don’t want to shock or panic her. She freezes for a moment, then take a crouching position and continues towards me. I’m thinking, “Uh-oh, I’m about to become cat food!” I’ve approached lions before, but now the lion approaches me.

If I stand up and yell, will she leave? Maybe not. If I stand up and run, will she chase me? Probably! So I decided to stay put.

The lioness comes closer. Now she’s only about four yards from me—the closest distance that still allows me to focus my camera lens. Surprisingly, she lies down, posing like a statue in front of me. This makes me feel very small and humble (卑微的). Then she rolls over and looks at me upside down! She seems a little puzzled and appears to be trying to figure me out —Hmm, are you suitable to be eaten? You don’t look dangerous.

Breathe slowly, I remind myself, with my heart beating fast. I carefully back up my tripod (三脚架) just a bit to focus and shoot the picture. Suddenly, she leaps up. In a flash, she runs away, leaving me overwhelmed with emotion.

Getting this photograph took a long time. I spent two years waiting for a permit to track the extremely rare Asiatic lions in the Gir Forest of India and spent three months on foot searching for them. The experience felt like a gift from the forest.

【小题1】After coming close to the author, the lioness ________.
A.pretends to be dead
B.stays and then goes away
C.tries to find the moment to attack him
D.recognizes the author and stares at him.
【小题2】What do we know about the author?
A.He used to live in the forest.
B.He stops working when he sees the lioness.
C.He makes great efforts to get the photograph.
D.He congratulates himself upon his narrow escape.
【小题3】The underlined words stay put in Paragraph 3 probably mean ________.
A.step forwardB.stand up
C.stay stillD.put off
申请信 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·浙江·效实中学高一期中
2 . 假设你是高一学生李华,你所在城市的美术馆正在招聘英文讲解志愿者,请你给相关负责人写一封申请信,内容包括:
1. 写信目的;
2. 个人优势;
3. 表达愿望。
1. 词数80个左右;
2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
用单词的适当形式完成短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·浙江·效实中学高一期中
3 . 阅读下面短文,在标有序号的空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中单词的正确形式。

Music can be a good form of therapy. It is actually used as a tool to help those with Alzheimer’s (阿尔茨海默氏症) remember very special memories and 【小题1】 (event).

Marta C. Gonzalez, 【小题2】 was a ballerina (芭蕾舞女演员) in the 1960s, danced to Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake hundreds of times during her career. But later in life, Alzheimer’s stole these 【小题3】 (beauty) memories from her.

In a popular video 【小题4】(upload) onto YouTube, Marta remembered she was once a dancer. You can see her face light up when the music begins to play. Her hands move 【小题5】 (graceful) to the song, and you can see her go into her happy place. As a person with Alzheimer’s, Marta really 【小题6】 (struggle) with short-term memory. But through music therapy, she 【小题7】 (take), even for a brief moment, to a happier time. The video ended with a photo of Marta in 1967, 【小题8】 (wear) her ballerina costume. It was so touching that all the audience clapped for her 【小题9】 (perform).

Marta died in 2019. A Spanish music therapy group called Música para Despertar filmed the video before her death but didn’t share it 【小题10】 recently. And the incredible video quickly took off!

阅读理解 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·浙江·效实中学高一期中

4 . Silbo Gomero is an ancient language of whistle that enabled people to communicate across long distances before the invention of the telephone or the computer. It’s now being revived on mountainous Canary Islands and the island of La Gomera, where the usual language is Spanish.

The Canary Islands government is providing funding to help school children on La Gomera to learn this ancient whistling language as part of their heritage. It sounds like birdsongs and was developed thousands of years ago by islanders to enable them to communicate up to two miles across La Gomera’s valleys.

In the past, Silbo Gomero has been passed down from parent to child, but the islanders felt embarrassed at this form of communication when they came into contact with the outside world and modern technology. It started to die out when the telephone arrived and the island open to tourism. However, the government realized what was happening and decided to make sure that it would not be lost. So, since 1999 Silbo Gomero has been part of the school curriculum and now about 3,000 Gomero children spend at least 25 minutes a week learning it. This is enough time for the basics to be learned.

Probably originating in the Atlas Mountains of North Africa, the language was brought to the island by settlers 2,500 years ago. It was adapted to Spanish speech patterns, but uses tones rather than vowels and consonants (辅音). These are whistled at different frequencies (频率) to produce over 4,000 words, making proper conversations possible.

The importance of the language is growing. In 2003 the island held the first International Congress of Whistled Languages. Research is now being carried out in all places to which Gomerans have traditionally emigrated (移居国外) and where forms of the language survive. The Canary government’s Historical Heritage Department hopes to attract outside support so that it will continue.

【小题1】According to the passage, which of the following is the reason for the disappearing of Silbo Gomero?
A.The limited vocabulary.
B.The arrival of modern technology.
C.Gomerans’ traditional emigration.
D.Its complex speech patterns.
【小题2】What do we know about Silbo Gomero?
A.It originated in the island of La Gomero.
B.It was adapted to English speech pattern.
C.It was developed for long-distance communication.
D.It has more than 4,000 words made up of vowels and consonants.
【小题3】In order to save Silbo Gomero, ________.
A.the local government provides financial help
B.students spend 25 minutes daily learning it
C.the islanders begin to do research where it originated
D.the islanders frequently use it to communicate with the outside world
【小题4】What is the purpose of the text?
A.To call on people to protect cultural heritage.
B.To advertise for La Gomera.
C.To promote the use of Silbo Gomero.
D.To introduce the dying language Silbo Gomero.
完形填空 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·浙江·效实中学高一期中

5 . On a hilltop in southeast Brazil, 4,500 feet above the surrounding landscape, is a coffee plantation with a history of more than 150 years—five generations. The owner is Ellen Fontana, a woman ________ to both her land and her family. A respect ________ nature contributes to her business; she employs sustainable (可持续的) practices to ________ water, avoid pesticides and ________ greenhouse gas emissions (排放). Her devotion and attention helped her ________ award-winning specialty coffee and a successful coffee business, which she hopes will ________ through future generations.

But in the past few years, her vision of the future has been ________. The planet is changing ________ and whether coffee production will continue in her area in 20 or 50 years is naturally a ________. “I heard from my grandparents that it used to rain a lot in January, and the dry and rainy seasons were more clearly ________,” Fontana says. “But now, for a few years, we have noticed ________ rainfall, high temperature and hail (冰雹).”

In 2014, Fontana’s home experienced its worst ________ in nearly a century, resulting in a rare water crisis. And February 2020 was the rainiest month in the region’s ________ history, causing floods.

________ Fontana has earned more than many, thanks to her hilltop location and an important area of natural forest that she and her family have ________ on their land. She says, “We are in a micro-region with a lot of well-preserved forest, and we have a lot of coffee. This microclimate ________ a lot in the balance of crops. I think that living in a balance between coffee production and the environment that we live in provides a ________ not only for our family but for all the other people who will ________ these resources. I think this ________ is good for the business, good for the ________ and good for our soul.”

A.make the best ofB.make sense ofC.keep track ofD.keep out of
长对话 | 较易(0.85) | 2022·浙江·效实中学高一期中
6 . 听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。
【小题1】What does the woman think of the CAPP?
A.It will be boring.
B.It will be helpful.
C.It will be difficult.
【小题2】What is the woman’s advantage?
A.She is trust-worthy.
B.She is creative.
C.She is hard-working.
【小题3】Where will the man probably volunteer?
A.At a TV station.
B.On a construction site.
C.At a sporting goods store.
短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·浙江·效实中学高一期中
7 . 听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。
【小题1】What is the main topic of the talk?
A.Crop harvest.B.Hot weather.C.Food quality.
【小题2】What is the quantity of corn production?
A.The same as last year.
B.Twice as much as last year.
C.Three times as much as last year.
【小题3】Which crop is disappointing this year?
【小题4】What is the disadvantage of a big harvest?
A.Profits are lower.
B.Quality is lower.
C.Prices are lower.
短对话 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·浙江·效实中学高一期中
8 . How many times has the man stayed at the hotel before this visit?
A.Once.B.Twice.C.Three times.
长对话 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·浙江·效实中学高一期中
9 . 听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。
【小题1】Who is the man most likely to be?
A.A tourist.B.A tour guide.C.A French chef.
【小题2】How will the speakers travel around the city?
A.By bus.B.By train.C.By car.
长对话 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·浙江·效实中学高一期中
10 . 听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。
【小题1】What is the woman doing?
A.Asking directions.
B.Introducing something to the man.
C.Borrowing a phone from the man.
【小题2】How does the man order a taxi?
A.He calls for one.
B.He uses a phone app.
C.He uses his hand to signal one.
【小题3】What is the relationship between the speakers?
A.Boss and secretary.B.Friends.C.Strangers.