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短文 | 较难(0.4) | 2022·全国·高二
1 . 听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。
【小题1】Why does the speaker use the headphone to communicate with the listeners?
A.It is comfortable to use.
B.The listeners talk aloud.
C.The sound of the plane’s engine is loud.
【小题2】What is the cause of the dark sky?
A.The night time.B.The thick clouds.C.The black smoke.
【小题3】Which side of the island are the forests in?
A.The north side.B.The west side.C.The south side.
【小题4】What is the talk mainly about?
A.Having a ride in a plane.
B.Learning about a volcano.
C.Taking photos of forests.
用单词的适当形式完成短文 | 较易(0.85) | 2022·北京一七一中高一阶段练习
2 . 语法填空

【小题1】   (locate) in the center of Spain, the capital city Madrid is famous for its art galleries. The Prado Museum has one of the world’s 【小题2】 (big) collections of art works and paintings by Picaso 【小题3】 (exhibit) at the Reina Sofia Museum. Many people are attracted to Madrid for its exciting nightlife, but the city appeals to young people because it is home 【小题4】 the Real Madrid soccer team with many star players.

用单词的适当形式完成短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·吉林长春·模拟预测
3 . 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Kanas is a Mongolian word 【小题1】(mean) “beautiful and mysterious lake”. Kanas Lake is China’s deepest freshwater lake famous for its picturesque view, and home to 798 species of plants and 117 varieties of birds. 【小题2】(surround) by snow-capped mountains and heavy forest, Kanas Lake in Burqin takes on different colors in different seasons.

Kanas Lake lies in the northern part of Burqin County, Altay Prefecture, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, 150 kilometers away from Burgin County. The lake water 【小题3】(come) from the melting water of the mountains such as Kuitun Peak and Friendship Peak. The best time 【小题4】(visit) the Kanas Lake is in June and September. In June, flowers bloom and trees turn green and everything are full 【小题5】 energy. The flowers are at their best and Kanas looks like 【小题6】 ocean of flowers. In September, Kanas enters the pure golden season. 【小题7】(natural), this is also the best time for photography.

Winter operation period (October 16 — April 30) is a perfect 【小题8】(choose) for visitors with limited budgets. Kanas does not close the mountain in winter, in 【小题9】 scenic spots are open for business. Visitors will see the fairyland — like original snowy scenery. Kanas will also host five major theme 【小题10】(activity), namely, Snow and Ice Festival, Snow Carnival, Winter Ice and Snow Photography Season, Snowboard Invitational, Snow Sculpture Invitational.

用单词的适当形式完成短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·黑龙江·佳木斯市第八中学高二期中
4 . 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

In 2016, Shennongjia made it onto the UNESCO World Heritage List. It 【小题1】 (award) this status because it meets two 【小题2】 (criterion). It contains a naturally-balanced environment that allows various species 【小题3】 (live) and prosper. It is also one of the rare 【小题4】 (location) in the world   【小题5】 scientists can observe in real time the 【小题6】 (ecology) and biological processes that occur as the plants and animals develop and evolve. The vast range in altitude results 【小题7】 variation in climatic conditions. Shennongjia has more than 600 vertebrate species,【小题8】 (include) Golden Snub-nosed Monkey. The local people take things from nature without 【小题9】 (cause) damage. Shennongjia deserves 【小题10】 (it) place on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

阅读理解 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·河北·大名县第一中学高一开学考试

5 . Famous Modern Chinese Buildings

The Beijing International Airport

The first place most visitors see when they arrive in China is the Beijing International Airport. The airport was constructed in the 1950s. It has an indoor garden, a children’s playground, and over 70 food businesses in Terminal 3 alone.

The Shanghai World Financial Centre

Completed in 2008, SWFC took over 10 years to complete due to financial shortages and the construction delays. Since its completion, it has won countless architectural awards. Tourists are welcome at SWFC’s viewing platform, which is the world’s highest closed viewing platform.

The Water Cube

It was constructed for use during the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics. Now visitors can express surprise at the architecture of the building. They can enjoy the indoor atmosphere as well. Among the offerings of the Water Cube are a restaurant, a bar, a shopping area, and Water World, a family water park.

The Bird’s Nest

It was designed mainly for the 2008 Summer Olympics. It can hold up to 80,000 people. Nowadays, it also functions as a tourist attraction. Its main income is from tourism. It draws more than 20,000 tourists every day.

The National Centre for the Performing Arts

It was completed in 2007. The building is surrounded by a man-made lake, requiring guests to enter via an underground hallway. It is home to an opera hall, a music hall, and a theatre.

【小题1】Which of the following buildings was first constructed?
A.The Beijing International Airport.B.The Shanghai World Financial Centre.
C.The Water Cube.D.The Bird’s Nest.
【小题2】Why was the construction of Shanghai World Financial Centre delayed?
A.It needed more construction workers.B.It was short of money.
C.It added an extra viewing platform.D.It faced too much terrible weather.
【小题3】What can you do in the National Centre for the Performing Arts?
A.Enjoy sports events.B.Eating.
C.Attend science lectures.D.Watch different performances.
短文 | 较易(0.85) | 2022·江苏·扬州中学高二阶段练习
6 . 听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。
【小题1】Who is the speaker?
A.An invited guest.B.A news reporter.C.A radio host.
【小题2】In what way has the speaker changed?
A.She has spoken faster.B.She has become heavier.C.She has cooked more often.
【小题3】What is difficult for the speaker to get used to?
A.The food.B.The weather.C.The language.
【小题4】What does the speaker think of the French people?
A.A bit cold.B.Generous.C.Easy-going.
短文改错 | 一般(0.65) | 2021·甘肃平凉·高一期末
7 . 假定英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Now I’d like to tell you something which is about my hometown. I live in Brighton. It is in the south of England. Of course, it isn’t as interested as London. But there is little pollution and the air is quite clean. Every year many travelers visit here.

There are about 300 shops and it will take you about three days to go around all of it. If you go to a small hotel, you will find the local beer has a specially taste. There are a few factory in Brighton, but not much. So it isn’t very easy to find a job here. My father used to work in a steel plant. A plant shut down a year ago and my father was lost his job. Seeing there are so many travelers, my father has decided to opening a small gift shop. But he is short money now.

完形填空 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·上海市松江二中高三阶段练习

8 . The beauty, majesty, and timelessness of a primary rainforest are indescribable. It is impossible to ________ on film, to describe in words, or to explain to those who have never had the awe-inspiring experience of standing in the heart of a primary rainforest.

Rainforests have ________ over millions of years to turn into the incredibly complex environments they are today. Rainforests represent a store of living and ________ renewable natural resources that for ages, by virtue of their richness in both animal and plant species, have ________ a wealth of resources for the survival and well-being of humankind. These resources have included basic food supplies, clothing, shelter, fuel, spices, industrial raw materials, and medicine for all those who have lived in the majesty of the forest. ________, the inner dynamics of a tropical rainforest is an intricate (错综复杂的) and fragile system. Everything is so ________ that upsetting one part can lead to unknown damage or even destruction of the whole. Sadly, it has taken only a century of human intervention to destroy what nature designed to________ forever.

The scale of human ________ on ecosystems everywhere has increased enormously in the last few decades. Since 1980 the global economy has tripled in size and the world population has increased by 30 percent. Consumption of everything on the planet has risen — at a cost of our ________. In 2001, The World Resources Institute estimated that the demand for rice, wheat, and corn is expected to grow by 40% by 2020, increasing irrigation water demands by 50% or more. They further reported that the demand for wood could double by the year 2050; ________, it is still the tropical forests of the world that supply the bulk of the world’s demand for wood.

In 1950, about 15 percent of the Earth’s land surface was covered by rainforest. Today, more than half has already gone up in ________. In fewer than fifty years, more than half of the world’s tropical rainforests have fallen ________ to fire and the chain saw, and the rate of destruction is still accelerating. Unbelievably, more than 200,000 acres of rainforest are burned every day. That is more than 150 acres lost every minute of every day, and 78 million acres lost every year! More than 20 percent of the Amazon rainforest is already gone, and much more is severely threatened as the destruction continues. It is estimated that the Amazon alone is vanishing at a rate of 20,000 square miles a year. If nothing is done to curb (抑制) this________, the entire Amazon could well be gone within fifty years.

Massive________ brings with it many ugly consequences—air and water pollution, soil erosion, malaria epidemics, the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and the________ of biodiversity through extinction of plants and animals. Fewer rainforests mean less rain, less oxygen for us to breathe, and an increased threat from global warming.

阅读理解 | 较难(0.4) | 2022·全国·高一

9 . The Silk Road is arguably the most famous long-distance trade route of the ancient world. This passage connected Europe in the West with China in the East, and allowed the exchange of goods, technology, and ideas between the two civilizations. Although merchants could make huge profits travelling the road, it was not without risk.

The main Silk Road started in Chang’an (known today as Xi’an), the early Han capital. Travelers commencing their journey from this city could take a northern route that would take them across China’s northwestern provinces. After this, they would face the Gobi Desert, arguably the greatest danger of the Silk Road.

The Gobi Desert, the largest desert in Asia, consists mainly of rocky, hard earth. This feature made it easier for traders to travel across, compared to sandy deserts like the neighboring Taklamakan Desert. Like other deserts, the Gobi Desert is dry and hot, and therefore the biggest challenge travelers faced was obtaining enough water for themselves as well as for their camels.

So, rest stops were created along the route, allowing travelers to rest, eat and drink. These places also promoted the exchange of goods, and even ideas, amongst the travelers who stopped there. Usually, the rest stops were placed within a day’s journey of each other. In this way, travelers could avoid spending too much time in the desert, which would make them targets for robbers, another danger of the Silk Road.

Once through the Gobi Desert, travelers would continue their journey into Iran, Turkey, and finally Europe. While this part of the journey may have been less dangerous, it is not entirely without its perils (风险).

【小题1】The underlined word “it” in the first paragraph refers to _________.
A.making huge profitsB.traveling the Silk Road
C.exchanging goods and ideasD.connecting different civilizations
【小题2】Why was the Gobi Desert easier to cross than other deserts?
A.The desert’s surface was easier to walk on.
B.Camels for transportation were easier to find.
C.It was smaller and could be crossed in less time.
D.There were more natural water sources available.
【小题3】What can we guess about the rest stops in the Gobi Desert?
A.Travelers were offered free accommodation.
B.They were located around the edges of the desert.
C.They were shared by travelers from different countries.
D.Exchanging goods and ideas there was entirely without risk.
【小题4】What is the passage mainly about?
A.The origins of the Silk Road.
B.The benefits of the Silk Road.
C.The difficulties faced by Silk Road travelers.
D.The cultural exchanges among Silk Road travelers.
用单词的适当形式完成短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·重庆八中高二阶段练习
10 . 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

This is undoubtedly one of the most recognizable buildings in the world. 【小题1】 (weigh) 7,000 tons, the tower wasn’t meant to stand there forever. Gustave-Alexandre Eiffel, the French engineer 【小题2】 fame rested mainly on his iron bridges, built it for the 1889 Universal Exhibition. Praised by some and denounced by others, the tower created much 【小题3】 (argue) in the 1880s. 【小题4】 saved it from being torn down was the arrival of radio -- as the 【小题5】 (tall) structure in Europe, it made a perfect spot to place a radio antenna(天线).

The tower is 317m high. On a clear day you can see it from 65km away. 【小题6】 tower, an open-framework construction, unlocked the almost unlimited possibilities of steel construction, making the way for skyscrapers. Some people said it couldn’t 【小题7】 (build), and Eiffel actually wanted to make it go higher. For years it remained the tallest man-made structure 【小题8】 the earth, until skyscrapers such as the Empire State Building 【小题9】 (final) came into being.

In 2004 it became possible to ice-skate inside the Eiffel Tower, doing figure skating while taking in views of the rooftops of Paris. Skating takes place on an observation platform 57m above ground. The rink, which 【小题10】 (hold) 80 skaters at once, is a bit larger than an average tennis court.