【小题1】 Which of the following can prove the air quality in Britain has improved in the last 30 years?
|A．Total emissions of smoke in the air have been controlled within 85% since 1960.|
|B．The dense “ smogs ” of the 1950s haven’t appeared again in major cities except London.|
|C．Winter sunshine has increased by 70% or so since the late 1950s in central London.|
|D．The government has successfully taken measures to reduce emissions from new vehicles.|
|A．The possible impact of dense “ smogs ” on health.|
|B．The emissions from a larger number of motor vehicles.|
|C．The new vehicles adopted to reduce extensively emissions.|
|D．The pollutants produced by new vehicles and factories.|
|A．It promotes air quality management by structuring a new framework.|
|B．It provides a national project containing air quality targets for the year 2050.|
|C．It suggests local institutions bear the duty to monitor air quality in their boundaries.|
|D．It includes pilot schemes to be taken forward in 40 areas before full implementation.|
|A．Narrow down his theme.||B．Revise his paper carefully.|
|C．Focus on the paper.||D．Cover more topics.|
3 . Suddenly screams echo through the forest as alarmed animals warn each other of a predator’s (食肉动物) approach. Lying on my stomach with my camera in front of me, I’ve been watching a nearby stream for hours, waiting. This may be it!
Yes! A 380-pound lioness steps from the trees, heading towards the stream. She crouches (蹲伏) down to drink. She’s only 50 yards away. She stands up and begins to walk towards me, not knowing I’m there. When she’s just about 20 yards away, I move my camera slightly. I don’t want to shock or panic her. She freezes for a moment, then take a crouching position and continues towards me. I’m thinking, “Uh-oh, I’m about to become cat food!” I’ve approached lions before, but now the lion approaches me.
If I stand up and yell, will she leave? Maybe not. If I stand up and run, will she chase me? Probably! So I decided to stay put.
The lioness comes closer. Now she’s only about four yards from me—the closest distance that still allows me to focus my camera lens. Surprisingly, she lies down, posing like a statue in front of me. This makes me feel very small and humble (卑微的). Then she rolls over and looks at me upside down! She seems a little puzzled and appears to be trying to figure me out —Hmm, are you suitable to be eaten? You don’t look dangerous.
Breathe slowly, I remind myself, with my heart beating fast. I carefully back up my tripod (三脚架) just a bit to focus and shoot the picture. Suddenly, she leaps up. In a flash, she runs away, leaving me overwhelmed with emotion.
Getting this photograph took a long time. I spent two years waiting for a permit to track the extremely rare Asiatic lions in the Gir Forest of India and spent three months on foot searching for them. The experience felt like a gift from the forest.【小题1】After coming close to the author, the lioness ________.
|A．pretends to be dead|
|B．stays and then goes away|
|C．tries to find the moment to attack him|
|D．recognizes the author and stares at him.|
|A．He used to live in the forest.|
|B．He stops working when he sees the lioness.|
|C．He makes great efforts to get the photograph.|
|D．He congratulates himself upon his narrow escape.|
|A．step forward||B．stand up|
|C．stay still||D．put off|
Music can be a good form of therapy. It is actually used as a tool to help those with Alzheimer’s (阿尔茨海默氏症) remember very special memories and
Marta C. Gonzalez,
In a popular video
Marta died in 2019. A Spanish music therapy group called Música para Despertar filmed the video before her death but didn’t share it
8 . Silbo Gomero is an ancient language of whistle that enabled people to communicate across long distances before the invention of the telephone or the computer. It’s now being revived on mountainous Canary Islands and the island of La Gomera, where the usual language is Spanish.
The Canary Islands government is providing funding to help school children on La Gomera to learn this ancient whistling language as part of their heritage. It sounds like birdsongs and was developed thousands of years ago by islanders to enable them to communicate up to two miles across La Gomera’s valleys.
In the past, Silbo Gomero has been passed down from parent to child, but the islanders felt embarrassed at this form of communication when they came into contact with the outside world and modern technology. It started to die out when the telephone arrived and the island open to tourism. However, the government realized what was happening and decided to make sure that it would not be lost. So, since 1999 Silbo Gomero has been part of the school curriculum and now about 3,000 Gomero children spend at least 25 minutes a week learning it. This is enough time for the basics to be learned.
Probably originating in the Atlas Mountains of North Africa, the language was brought to the island by settlers 2,500 years ago. It was adapted to Spanish speech patterns, but uses tones rather than vowels and consonants (辅音). These are whistled at different frequencies (频率) to produce over 4,000 words, making proper conversations possible.
The importance of the language is growing. In 2003 the island held the first International Congress of Whistled Languages. Research is now being carried out in all places to which Gomerans have traditionally emigrated (移居国外) and where forms of the language survive. The Canary government’s Historical Heritage Department hopes to attract outside support so that it will continue.【小题1】According to the passage, which of the following is the reason for the disappearing of Silbo Gomero?
|A．The limited vocabulary.|
|B．The arrival of modern technology.|
|C．Gomerans’ traditional emigration.|
|D．Its complex speech patterns.|
|A．It originated in the island of La Gomero.|
|B．It was adapted to English speech pattern.|
|C．It was developed for long-distance communication.|
|D．It has more than 4,000 words made up of vowels and consonants.|
|A．the local government provides financial help|
|B．students spend 25 minutes daily learning it|
|C．the islanders begin to do research where it originated|
|D．the islanders frequently use it to communicate with the outside world|
|A．To call on people to protect cultural heritage.|
|B．To advertise for La Gomera.|
|C．To promote the use of Silbo Gomero.|
|D．To introduce the dying language Silbo Gomero.|
【小题1】What is the main topic of the talk?
|A．Crop harvest.||B．Hot weather.||C．Food quality.|
|A．The same as last year.|
|B．Twice as much as last year.|
|C．Three times as much as last year.|
|A．Profits are lower.|
|B．Quality is lower.|
|C．Prices are lower.|
【小题8】fortunately ad. unfortunately ad. fortune n.