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用单词的适当形式完成短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·河北·唐山一中高二阶段练习
1 . 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Trade and curiosity have often formed the 【小题1】 (found)of mankind’s greatest achievements. In ancient times, silk from China found its way overland to India, the Middle East, and Rome, along 【小题2】 became known as the Silk Road. A trading route across the sea was also extended along the coasts of the Indian Ocean, 【小题3】 (center)around Ceylon.

Later, the Ming Dynasty further developed 【小题4】 (it)relations with regions to the west of China. Between 1405 and1433, seven large fleets sailed west 【小题5】 voyages of trade and exploration. These fleets were a sight 【小题6】 (behold). To reach out across the sea remains a strong desire today. Now the ancient sea routes that was once travelled by Zheng He 【小题7】 (revisit)with the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, 【小题8】 is part of the Belt and Road Initiative. China has also joined her friends across the sea on other important projects. Also, there are still many other places left to explore 【小题9】 (extend).

Hundreds of years on, and with the 【小题10】 (late)technology in hand, the need to trade and the desire to enhance relationships will drive China to reach out across the sea far into the future.

用单词的适当形式完成短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·北京市第三十五中学三模
2 . 阅读下面短文,根据短文内容填空。在未给提示词的空白处仅填写1个适当的单词,在给出提示词的空白处用括号内所给词的正确形式填空。

Sanxingdui Site, 【小题1】 (date) back to 3,000 to 4,000 years ago, was first discovered in 1929. It is considered one of the most important archaeological sites along the upper reaches of the Yangtze River.

【小题2】 (get) a better understanding of the unique civilization, archaeologists reconducted an 【小题3】 (invest) of No. 1 and No. 2 pits in October 2019. This time, six more pits were discovered, including the largest gold mask ever found, ivory and silk.

知识点:
用单词的适当形式完成短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2018·湖南·慈利县教育科学研究室高一期中
3 . 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

I feel lucky to 【小题1】 (win) a place on this trip. Next week we are going to Loulan, 【小题2】 is known as China’s Pompeii in the desert. This morning we attended a lecture about Pompeii. The city 【小题3】 (found) in the 8th century BC, and then the Romans took 【小题4】 Pompeii. Near the city was a volcano. On 24 August AD 79, the volcano erupted. Many people were buried 【小题5】 (live), and so was the city. Today I saw the city of Pompeii 【小题6】 it was 2,000 years ago. How amazing! The city was forgotten for many years 【小题7】 the 18th century when a farmer discovered a stone with writing on it. People started to dig in this area for treasure, which caused much damage. Thus, in 1860, the area was put under government 【小题8】 (protect) so it could be preserved and studied. The volcano is still there, but looks very quiet now. It is hard 【小题9】 (imagine) how this 【小题10】 (peace) volcano destroyed the whole city!

知识点:
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用单词的适当形式完成短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·湖北·武汉市第十一中学高一阶段练习
4 . 阅读下面短文, 在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The Eiffel Tower is the most famous landmark in France, and one of the most 【小题1】 (visit) monuments (纪念碑) in the world, but it wasn’t always so popular. In fact, in 1886, just after its construction was first proposed,many were strongly 【小题2】 it. At that time, it would have been the tallest building in the world, and many 【小题3】 (claim) it would destroy the skyline of Paris or perhaps even destroy some historic landmarks. 【小题4】 chief engineer, Gustave Eiffel replied, 【小题5】 (say) that such a large monument was necessary to symbolize the great efforts of the French people as well as the great advancements in modern engineering, industry, and science. The next year, Eiffel gained approval (批准) and the tower was built in time 【小题6】 (celebrate) the 1889 World Fair in Paris. If you look carefully at the tower, you can still see the 【小题7】 (name) of the 72 scientists, engineers, and mathematicians 【小题8】 helped in its construction. 【小题9】 (original), the tower was planned to be taken down after 20 years, 【小题10】 it proved to be too useful as a communication tower, not to mention a giant advertisement board, before finally becomes the iconic attraction that we all know today.

知识点:
阅读理解 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·山东·微山县第二中学高二阶段练习

5 . Tower Bridge is a bascule bridge in London, over the River Thames. It is close to the Tower of London, which gives it its name. It is sometimes incorrectly referred to as London Bridge, which is the next bridge upstream(在上游). It is one of five London bridges now owned and maintained by the Bridge House Estates.

In the second half of the nineteenth century, increased commercial(贸易的) development in the East End of London led to a requirement for a new river crossing downstream of London Bridge. A Special Bridge or Subway Committee was formed in 1876 to find a solution to the river crossing problem. It opened the design of the crossing to public competition. Over 50 designs were received. The judgment of the designs was surrounded by argument, and it wasn’t until 1884 that a design sent by Horace Jones was sanctioned.

Construction of the bridge started in 1886 and took about 8 years’ hard work of 432 construction workers. Over 70,000 tons of concrete were sunk into the river bed to support the construction. Over 11,000 tons of steel provided the framework(框架) for the towers and walkways. Horace Jones died in 1887, and another engineer took over the project. The bridge was opened in 1894.

The bridge sits almost directly above the Tower Subway, the world’s first underground tube railway (1870), which, until the bridge was opened, was the shortest way to cross the River Thames. A computer system was installed(安装) in 2000 to control the raising and lowering of the bascule. However, this has proved less reliable than expected, resulting in the bridge being stuck in the open or closed position on a number of occasions.

【小题1】What does Paragraph 1 say about Tower Bridge?
A.It’s named after a famous person.
B.It’s another name for London Bridge.
C.It’s not far from the Tower of London.
D.It’s the only bridge over the River Thames.
【小题2】Which of the following can best replace the underlined word “sanctioned” in Paragraph 2?
A.Tried.B.Received.
C.Discovered.D.Passed.
【小题3】What does Paragraph 3 mainly talk about?
A.The history of Tower Bridge.B.The building of Tower Bridge.
C.The influence of Tower Bridge.D.The importance of Tower Bridge.
【小题4】What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
A.Many breakdowns have happened to Tower Bridge.
B.The computer system works better than expected.
C.The underground tube railway has a history of less than 20 years.
D.The Tower Subway is the shortest way to cross the River Thames.
知识点:
选用适当的单词或短语补全短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·上海中学高三期中
6 . Directions: Complete the following two passages by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
A. secretly        B. attempts       C. hidden       D. favoured       E. custom F. steady
G. curiously       H. duty        I. determining     J. precious       K. preserving

The History of Tea in England

Tea, the most typical of English drinks, is a relative late comer to British shoes. Although the 【小题1】 of drinking tea dates back to the third millennium (一千年) BC in China, it was not until the mid-17 th century that the drink first appeared in England.

【小题2】 , it was the London coffee houses that were responsible for introducing tea to England. One of the first coffee house merchants to offer tea was Thomas Garway. He sold both liquid and dry tea to the public as early as 1657. Three years later he issued a broad sheet advertising tea at £6 to £10 per pound, touting (兜售) its virtue at “making the body active and lusty (健壮的)” and “ 【小题3】 perfect health until extreme old age”.

Tea gained popularity quickly in the coffee houses, and by 1700 over 500 coffee houses sold it. This distressed the pub owners, as tea cut their sales of beer, and it was bad news for the government, who depended upon a 【小题4】 stream of revenue (税收) from taxes on liquor sales. By 1750 tea had become the 【小题5】 drink of Britain's lower classes.

A 1676 act taxed tea and required coffee house operators to apply for a license. This was just the start of government 【小题6】 to control, or at least, to profit from the popularity of tea in Britain. By the mid-18 th century the 【小题7】 on tea had reached a ridiculous 119 percent. This heavy taxation had the effect of creating a whole new industry—tea smuggling (走私). Ships from Holland and Scan din a via brought tea to the British coast, then stood offshore while smugglers met them and unloaded the 【小题8】 cargo in small vessels. The smugglers, often local fishermen, 【小题9】 moved the tea inland through 【小题10】 underground paths to special hiding places. One of the best hiding places was in the local church!

知识点:
阅读理解 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·吉林·长春外国语学校高二期中

7 . Discoveries at the famous Sanxingdui ruins in Southwest China show that the region’s ancient Shu Kingdom Civilization shared similarities with the Maya.

The Sanxingdui ruins belonged to the Shu Kingdom that existed at least 4,800 years ago and lasted more than 2,000 years, while the Mayan civilization built its city-states around 200 AD.

The bronze-made remains of trees unearthed at the ruins of the Shu Kingdom resemble the sacred ceiba tree, which symbolized the union of heaven, earth and the underworld in the Mayan civilization. “They are very important similarities,” says Santos, a Mexican archaeologist (考古学家) stressing that “the representations of trees in both cultures provide a symbolism that is very similar”.

The findings at the Sanxingdui ruins, considered one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the 20th century, also show a new aspect of Bronze Age culture, indicating the ancient civilization already had technologies that were thought to have been developed much later.

While the time span between the Shu kingdom and the Mayan culture is great, the findings highlight the closeness between the two civilizations. They developed in areas with comparable climates and reflected their worldview through related symbols. “In the end, man is still man, independent of time and space. What we have is that, at this latitude (纬度), both the Shu people and the Mayans looked at the same sky and had the same stars on the horizon,” the expert says.

One notable feature of the recent discoveries at Sanxingdui was the cross-subject work and technology applied by teams of Chinese archaeologists, which allowed the unearthing of artifacts as fragile as silk remains, which other types of less careful digging methods would not have been able to register.

Cooperation between Chinese and Mexican archaeologists could benefit projects in the Mayan world, where the rainy climate and humidity are problematic for the conservation of ruins.

“Every time our cultural knowledge increases, regardless of whether we speak one language or another, what it shows us is that we continue to be sister cultures and, therefore, the exchange of such knowledge is fundamental,” says Santos.

【小题1】What is a similarity between the Shu Kingdom and Maya civilization?
A.Their starting time.B.Their historical origins.
C.Their cultural symbols.D.Their ceremony traditions.
【小题2】The findings at the Sanxingdui ruins have proved that ________.
A.silk was a common clothing material then
B.some technologies were developed much earlier
C.the Bronze Age started earlier than previously assumed
D.the Shu Kingdom and the Mayan world had close contact
【小题3】What is a common challenge for the conservation of both ruins?
A.Damp weather.B.Positioning of ruins.
C.High latitude.D.Language barriers.
【小题4】What is the focus of Santos quote in the last paragraph?
A.Our cultural knowledge is increasing.
B.The benefits of speaking a different language.
C.The increasing sisterhood in culture between China and Mexico.
D.The importance of the exchange of cultural knowledge.
阅读理解 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·辽宁·高二阶段练习

8 . Stonehenge is a giant 4,000 to 5,000 year-old stone monument located in what today is known as Salisbury, England. Robert Phillips, 90, of Miami-Dade, was so fond of it that back in 1958, he took a piece of it home with him. That’s true, Phillips took a thin, meter long piece of Stonehenge when he left.

Back in 1958, Phillips was employed by a diamond cutting company named Van Moppes. The company was brought in to restore something on this Neolithic monument. Cracks had appeared in one of the giant stones. They needed to make holes and put metal rods (杆) into those holes to provide extra support. At some point during that job, Phillips left secretly with a piece of the famous stone. For years he even displayed it in his office. Later, when he moved to the United States, he brought it with him.

But on the eve of his 90th birthday, Phillips, who now lives in Florida, decided to return the stone to the care of English Heritage and, last year, his two sons traveled to Stonehenge to deliver it to Sebire, head of English Heritage, the caretaker organization for Stonehenge.

Sebire said, “The last thing we ever expected was to get a call from someone in America telling us they had a piece of Stonehenge. We finally could get this valuable piece of Stonehenge back home.” Researchers say the discovery could hopefully tell us where the different stones of Stonehenge came from, which dates back to 3000 BC.

【小题1】Why did Phillips go to Stonehenge?
A.To pay a visit.B.To cut diamond.C.To do repair work.D.To polish the stone.
【小题2】How did Phillips deal with the stone he took away?
A.He kept it to himself.B.He sold it to America.
C.He passed it on to his sons.D.He displayed it in the museum.
【小题3】What did Sebire think of the call from America?
A.It disappointed him.B.It came as no surprise.
C.It was none of his business.D.It was beyond his expectation.
【小题4】What is the suitable title for the text?
A.Repair Work of StonehengeB.Search for the Lost Stonehenge
C.Missing Piece of Stonehenge ReturnedD.Origin of Stones of Stonehenge Discovered
知识点:
用单词的适当形式完成短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·河北张家口·高一阶段练习
9 . 阅读下列材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

China is widely known 【小题1】 its ancient civilization which has continued all the way through into modern times. There are many 【小题2】(reason) why this has been possible, but one of the main factors has been the Chinese writing system.

The history of written Chinese as a language 【小题3】(base) on pictures dates back to the use of animal bones and shells several thousand years ago 【小题4】 symbols were carved by ancient Chinese people.

By the Shang Dynasty, these symbols had become a well-developed writing system. Over the years, the system 【小题5】(develop) into different forms, as it was time when people were divided geographically, 【小题6】(result) in varieties of dialects and characters. This, however, changed under Emperor Qin Shihuang of the Qin Dynatsty. Emperor Qin Shihuang united the seven major states into one country 【小题7】 then the Chinese writing system began to develop in one direction.

The Chinese writing system has also become an important means by which China's present is connected with   【小题8】(it) past. People in modern times can read the classical works by ancient Chinese. And as China plays a 【小题9】(great) role in global affairs than before, Chinese culture is becoming 【小题10】(increasing) popular with international students, who begin to explore Chinese civilization through this amazing language.

用单词的适当形式完成短文 | 一般(0.65) | 2022·重庆市长寿中学校高一阶段练习
10 . 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(一个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Pizza is certainly one of the world’s favourite 【小题1】 (food). But where does pizza come from? And who made it the first time?

In fact, people have been making pizza for a very long time. People 【小题2】lived in the Stone Age cooked grains on hot rocks to make dough(生面团)—the basic ingredient of pizza. Over time, people used the dough as a plate,【小题3】(cover) it with various other foods. They had developed the world’s first pizza. In【小题4】early 16th century, European explorers had tomatoes 【小题5】(bring) back from the Americas. Tomatoes are a standard ingredient in pizza today. At first, however, most Europeans thought they were 【小题6】(poison).【小题7】 (actual), only the leaves and roots are. For about 200 years, few people ate them. Slowly, people learned that tomatoes were safe【小题8】(eat), as well as tasty. In the early 19th century, cooks in Naples, Italy, started the tradition of putting tomatoes on baking dough. The flat bread soon became popular with poor people all over Naples. In 1830, cooks in Naples took another big step【小题9】pizza history—they opened the world’s first pizza restaurant. Today, up to five billion pizzas【小题10】(serve) every year around the world.