【小题1】Why did the woman go to the school this morning?
|A．To send Susan to school.|
|B．To have a meeting.|
|C．To see the modern facilities.|
|A．They recited many things.|
|B．They learned things by themselves.|
|C．They never sat quietly.|
|A．It allows students to ask more questions.|
|B．It makes students like school more.|
|C．It doesn’t work well.|
|A. principles||B. obliges||C. varies||D. characterized||E. collectively||F. defines|
|G. proportion||H. completion||I. normally||J. delivers||K. systematic|
Education includes both the teaching and learning of knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency. It thus focuses on the cultivation of skills, trades or professions, as well as mental, moral & aesthetic development.
Formal education consists of
The right to education is a fundamental human right. Since 1952, Article 2 of the first Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights
Educational systems are established to provide education and training, often for children and the young. A curriculum
Primary (or elementary) education consists of the first years of formal, structured education. In general, primary education consists of six or seven years of schooling starting at the age of 5 or 6, although this
In most contemporary educational systems of the world, secondary education consists of the second years of formal education that occur during adolescence. It is
Higher education, also called tertiary, third stage, or post secondary education, is the non-compulsory educational level that follows the
3 . Against all our wishes, advertising works, which is why, even in hard economic times, Madison Avenue is a $34-billion-a-year business. And if Martin Lindstrom, a marketing consultant is correct, trying to
83% of all forms of advertising principally
According to Lindstrom, the everyday sound that is most impressive, both in terms of interest and
In all of these cases, it doesn’t need an experienced advertisement designer to invent the sounds, associate them with meanings and then play them over and over until the subjects
Some TV ads have already given viewers close-up shots of meat with sizzling sounds. And retailers are
Of course, this doesn’t mean that advertisers can just press the audio button
Lindstrom's experiment also shows that people respond to a sound better when it’s
|A．tune out||B．admit to||C．depend on||D．take over|
|A．following suit||B．cooling down||C．losing heart||D．taking risks|
|A．on guard||B．with ease||C．under way||D．in reality|
Social media has become a huge part of everyday life and many people criticize the effect it has, especially
5 . The Truth Is Out
Human beings are not born liars, but the moment we can form complete sentences we begin lying to protect the feelings of others, to avoid punishment and conflict, and, most frequently, because lying gives advantages the truth wouldn’t provide. Lying gets results.
One study by Bella DePaulo, a professor of psychology at the University of Virginia, found lies played a part in 30-38 percent of people’s social interactions. Socially skillful people told a lot more lies than their more awkward coworkers.
Nowhere is this more obvious than on the singles scene. First dates have always involved a certain amount of self-boast, but some singles now regard out-and-out deceit (欺骗) as a reasonable strategy.
Experts believe that increased competition and the higher expectations among singles, along with the popularity of Internet dating, are encouraging outbreaks of deceitfulness. The problem is that many singles are presenting images of themselves that are impossible to live up to, and costing their already limited chances of long-term love in the process.
Of course, long-term lovers aren’t immune (不受影响) to the conflict-avoiding, problem-burying lie either. Once again, a pleasant singles scene coupled with unrealistic expectations has put new pressure on less-than-faultless relationships and tempted many into more serious deception. A study last year by Cahoot found that a majority of partners lie to each other about their personal financial situation. Other studies have found that women appreciate wise lies about their weight or looks.
Possibly. After all, few of us feel that lying is wrong any more.
|A．Lying, it seems, is becoming an acceptable and even admirable social skill.|
|B．A lie is only wrong because it might be discovered, and cause hurt and upset.|
|C．But the Cahoot research also showed that lying is on increasingly difficult ground.|
|D．We, as a result, are all on the receiving end of a great many more lies than in the past.|
|E．They are so emotionally and intellectually evolved now that they are lying more, on a regular basis.|
|F．They either stop potential lovers by asking for too much, or they invite lies that will be discovered quickly.|
3. 你向同学发出倡议 。
注意：1.词数 100 左右；2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。参考词汇：shared bikes
Dear fellow students,
7 . It’s difficult to think about how to spend money, and deciding money value in the future is almost impossible to many people. That’s because it is hard for us to consider the opportunity costs of objects we purchase.
A study was conducted with people who wanted to purchase a car to determine their ability to assess the opportunity cost of that purchase. When asked “If you buy this car today, what will you not be able to do in the future as a result?”, the majority said, “If I buy this SUV today, I will not be able to buy a sports car tomorrow.” Nobody said that he would not be able to buy 300 lunches at a restaurant because they were, though unconsciously, restricted within the car field, not even attempting to think of an item from another field.
The nature of modern spending makes things even harder by making money less concrete. If I give you $1,000 in an envelope each week, you will see in the shop that what you’re buying comes at the expense of other things of the same price. After all, you have the real experience because you have to hand out the real money note if you want to get the object. But with credit cards and loans, financial mechanisms have become increasingly unclear, making it more difficult for people to compare the value of spending now with the value of money in the future as they are allowed to pay for the purchases later.
Irrelevant influences and considerations, such as a person’s present emotions or preferences, can influence how much worth someone places on an object too.
In a study, Professor Dan Ariely and his team asked participants to determine the value of objects like wine, chocolates and electronics.
“We first told them to consider whether they would pay the amount equivalent to the last two digits of their social security numbers,” he says. “We found a significant relation between the amount they were willing to pay and these digits.”
For instance, someone whose social security number（SSN）ends in 25 valued the objects much lower than someone with the last two digits of 78. For no logical reasons, the test subjects leaned toward the most recent number they had access to when valuing the items. Even with full information about the objects, some people had no logical point of reference for the value of the objects. Instead, they used their own irrelevant experiences as references.【小题1】According to the passage, the opportunity cost in consumption field refers to______.
|A．the cost to pay for various opportunities|
|B．what a person is willing to give up if he buys a specific item|
|C．the opportunities to invest in costly items|
|D．the comparison of prices of the same item from different sources|
|A．they won’t have trouble in paying for meals|
|B．300 meals are not equal to the car in value|
|C．they can’t compare money values across categories|
|D．they personally prefer the car to food|
|A．items paid by credit cards are cheaper than paid by cash|
|B．it’s easier for people to save money through credit cards|
|C．people have to pay an interest when buying through credit cards.|
|D．delay in payment may confuse people’s judgement of money value.|
|A．Because they were not good at predicting values and counting numbers.|
|B．Because they made predictions with most convenient hints available.|
|C．Because they believed that their SSN digits were very valuable.|
|D．Because they tended to consult others and copy peers’ choices.|
|A．The woman’s birthday gift.||B．The shirt from the man’s aunt.|
|C．The buttons on the yellow shirt.||D．The man’s plan for his birthday.|
【小题1】Why does the speaker deliver the speech?
|A．To attract more students to join the English club.|
|B．To inform freshmen to choose their favorite club.|
|C．To introduce freshmen to all the clubs in the school.|
|A．Those who are fascinated by physical activities.|
|B．Those who want to improve their oral English.|
|C．Those who long to make friends with foreigners.|
|A．English Corner discussions.|
|B．Contacting Alice Lee.|
|C．Writing application letters.|
|A delivered B management C overlooked D.products E.rural F. shifted|
G.strategies H.sufficient I. tremendous J.urbanisation K.worst
National governments neglecting development needs of cities
National governments around the world are neglecting the needs of their major cities with non-existent or inadequate development policies, a new report has found. National governments are key to making cities more sustainable, because cities are limited distinctly in the policy measures they can take for themselves, the report points out. However, only a quarter of the world’s governments have urban development policies at all, and most of those that do exist are far from
The report looks at the key measures of energy production, transport, waste
The report, from the Stockholm Environment Institute and the Coalition for Urban Transitions and funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies, suggests national governments have
Cities around the world are facing rapid population growth, and are likely to be among the areas